Energy Affordability Report: A Snapshot of Electricity Prices and Energy Policies by State

by Carly Good

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Introduction

Energy, and electricity specifically, is essential for success in virtually every aspect of our daily lives. Electricity prices vary greatly by demand sector and generation source across all 50 states and the District of Colombia. These differences are often linked to the varying policy approaches by states as they balance the needs of consumers with the push to tackle the environmental challenges of today.

While some states have relied on free market principles and innovation to confront problems associated with climate change, others have pursued a more heavy-handed approach through the implementation of standards, mandates and pricing mechanisms for specific types of technologies.

However, when the government inserts itself into markets, taxpayers often foot the bill. Heavy-handed public policies have caused electricity prices to skyrocket in some areas of the country, leading to poor investment decisions, energy shortages and, as explored here, higher electricity prices for consumers along the way.