Vehicle Platooning for Safety and Efficiency Act
Section 1. (Legislative Declarations)
Subdivision 1. A vehicle platooning system electronically coordinates the speed between a lead vehicle and one or more follow vehicles, enabling them to travel safely in a unified manner at close following distances. A vehicle platooning system relies on a connected and automated braking system, which allows a follow vehicle to coordinate braking and following distance with a lead vehicle through direct vehicle-to-vehicle communication.
Subdivision 2. A vehicle platooning system can improve the safety of public roads by using best-in-class automated braking systems, lane departure warning, sensors, and software, which can operate at all times to help avoid crashes. This improves the safety of equipped trucks at all times, whether they are in solo or platoon operations.
Subdivision 3. A vehicle platooning system can improve the economic competitiveness of trucking fleets by enhancing vehicle fuel efficiency. Freight trucks transport the critical goods that Americans sell, purchase, and rely on every day, and fuel often represents the largest single trucking fleet operating cost. Vehicle platooning systems can lower that cost by reducing aerodynamic drag for both lead and follow vehicles when they travel safely at close following distances, thereby improving fuel efficiency.
Section 2. (Definitions)
Subdivision 1. Platoon. Platoon means a group of individual motor vehicles traveling in a unified manner at electronically coordinated speeds at following distances that are closer than would be reasonable and prudent without such coordination.
Section 3. (Exemption)
[Insert all state following distance code sections] shall not apply to the operator of a non-lead vehicle in a Platoon.