Resolution on Automated Driving System Legislation and Regulation
WHEREAS, automated driving systems remain in the early stages of development, necessitating the establishment of a common definitional taxonomy.
WHEREAS, the dynamic driving task refers to the real-time operational and tactical functions required to operate a vehicle in on-road traffic, excluding the strategic functions such as trip scheduling and selection of destinations and waypoints, as defined by SAE Recommended Practice J3016.
WHEREAS, operational design domain refers to the specific conditions under which a given driving automation system or feature thereof is designed to function, including, but not limited to, driving modes, as defined by SAE Recommended Practice J3016.
WHEREAS, automated driving systems refer to hardware and software that are collectively capable of performing the entire dynamic driving task on a sustained basis, regardless of whether it is limited to a specific operational design domain, as defined by SAE Recommended Practice J3016.
WHEREAS, lawmakers and regulators should adopt a common terminology on automated driving systems, as defined by SAE Recommended Practice J3016.
WHEREAS, motor vehicles equipped with automated driving systems greatly reduce human interaction with the direction of motor vehicles.
WHEREAS, human error is a factor in more than 90 percent of motor vehicle accidents.
WHEREAS, human error is responsible for a significant portion of traffic congestion.
WHEREAS, motor vehicles equipped with automated driving systems can greatly enhance transportation access for mobility-impaired populations such as the disabled, elderly, and youth.
WHEREAS, the states regulate the licensing, insurance, liability determination, and operations of motor vehicles while the federal government regulates highway vehicle safety and performance.
WHEREAS, several states have enacted laws affirming the legality of automated driving systems.
WHEREAS, requiring specific and unnecessary components or functions of nascent technologies will likely hinder innovation and consumer availability.
WHEREAS, unduly discriminatory statutes or regulations with respect to the nature of insurance that shall be furnished for a motor vehicle equipped with an automated driving system should be avoided.
WHEREAS, lawmakers and regulators should avoid crafting statutes or regulations regarding motor vehicles equipped with automated driving systems that fail to distinguish between on-road, off-road, low-speed, and highway motor vehicles.
WHEREAS, counties and municipalities should not legislate and regulate matters related to registration, licensing, insurance, operations, and others that fall under the authority of state government.
NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, that [insert state here] opposes the enactment of laws or promulgation of regulations that would restrict automated driving system innovation.
Approved by the ALEC Board of Directors January 9, 2014.
Amended and re-approved by the ALEC Board of Directors September 18, 2018.