ALEC’s model Resolution Recognizes the Growing Need for Nuclear Energy and Urges the President and Congress to Make Steady Progress toward a Permanent Geologic Repository for Used Commercial Fuel and Such Nearer-Term Priorities as Interim Used Fuel Storage and Research into Fuel Reprocessing and Closing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle.
WHEREAS, America’s 103 commercial nuclear plants generate 20 percent of the Nation’s electricity with remarkably high levels of efficiency and reliability while producing zero emissions of pollutants or greenhouse gases; and
WHEREAS, projected U.S. electricity demand will increase by 40 percent by the 2030, requiring the nuclear industry to bring online 50 gigawatts of additional generation just to maintain nuclear energy’s present 20 percent share of the electricity generation fuel mix, and
WHEREAS, more than a dozen nuclear utilities and consortia are actively exploring plans to pursue construction and operating licenses for more than 30 new commercial nuclear reactors in the next several years; and
WHEREAS, many communities and regions have expressed strong support for hosting a new nuclear reactor for the clean, safe and affordable electricity, energy security, employment opportunities and other economic benefits it could provide; and
WHEREAS, the Congress enacted the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 and directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish a program for the safe, permanent disposal of the Nation’s used commercial nuclear fuel and Defense-related high-level radioactive waste in a geologic repository; and
WHEREAS, the President of the United States has embraced international scientific consensus and approved the recommendation of the U.S. DOE Secretary of the Yucca Mountain site in Nevada as fully suitable as a national used fuel repository and the U.S. Congress concurred by passing the Yucca Mountain Development Act of 2002, and
WHEREAS, the Nuclear Waste Policy Act created the Nuclear Waste Fund (NWF) to pay for the development of a waste management program financed through fees collected by nuclear utilities from their ratepayers; and
WHEREAS, total NWF collections from nuclear utilities to date exceed $26 billion and less than $9 billion has been expended on the Yucca Mountain Project, which is now nearly ten years past the Congressionally-mandated 1998 date for DOE to take ownership of used fuel and defense wastes, and
WHEREAS, DOE’s failure to meet its legal, contractual responsibility to accept used fuel has caused electricity ratepayers to assume hundreds of millions of dollars in additional costs to store used fuel on-site at 72 locations in 33 states and all nuclear utilities have sued the federal government over DOE’s failure; and
WHEREAS, DOE now indicates that the current best case scenario for opening Yucca Mountain for fuel disposal – no sooner than 2017 – would require the Department to submit an application for a construction license to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission by June 2008, which will demand stable federal appropriations to complete and submit the license application; and
WHEREAS, the U.S. government and the nuclear industry recognize the significant nearer-term security and public safety benefits from interim fuel storage at a limited number of sites and the desirability of research on closing the fuel cycle and ensuring development of advanced nuclear fuel cycle technologies, while work proceeds toward the long-term goal of opening a permanent repository; and
WHEREAS, various advanced fuel cycle initiatives have the potential to reduce the volume, heat and toxicity of byproducts to be disposed of in a permanent repository and also to reclaim a significant amount of the energy that remains in used fuel rods; and
WHEREAS, over the past four decades, approximately 3,000 shipments of used nuclear fuel have been transported safely along designated routes across 1.7 million miles of U.S. railways, highways and waterways in specially designed robust, Nuclear Regulatory Commission-licensed canisters without a single release of radioactive material; and
WHEREAS, communities in a number of states have expressed interest in hosting an interim storage facility, a fuel recycling center, and advanced recycling reactor, and/or an advanced fuel cycle research facility (some communities seek to host more than one facility);
NOW THEREFORE LET IT BE RESOLVED, that the American Legislative Exchange Council hereby urges the President and Congress to work together with the commercial nuclear industry, State and Local governments and other interested parties to encourage development of safe new nuclear plants as a key component of American fuel portfolio diversity and energy security; and
NOW THEREFORE LET IT BE FURTHER RESOLVED, that the American Legislative Exchange Council urges the President and Congress to take action to encourage the U.S. Department of Energy and provide adequate federal appropriations to allow the Department to complete work on and submit the construction license application for the Yucca Mountain repository ; and
NOW THEREFORE LET IT BE FURTHER RESOLVED, that the American Legislative Exchange Council urges the President and Congress to work together with the U.S. nuclear energy industry, with State and Local governments and other interested parties to: Encourage development of interim used fuel storage at a limited number of sites until fuel is recycled or disposed of permanently; and, Encourage research, development and demonstration projects to close the nuclear fuel cycle.
Approved by ALEC Board of Directors in 2007.